Asia Minor Travel & Tours - Your Guide to Turkey

Connections to Turkey


  • Paleolithic caves dating between 700.000 to 35.000

  • Nevali Cori, the earliest known village settlement
    of the world, with stone reliefs and first known statue 11000 BC

  • Gobeklitepe, The earliest dated Temple of the world
    with stone reliefs.

  • Catalhoyuk, the first urban city settlement of the
    world, 8000 BC

  • Noah’s ark ( Landed on Mt. Ararat ( Agri), in
    northeastern Turkey)

  • Turquoise ( French word for the color deriving from
    Turkish coast)

  • Meander ( winding meander river is in western

  • Santa Claus, (St. Nicholas), born in Patara, bishop
    of Myra ( in southwestern Turkey)

  • Trojan war ( took place in Troy, Northwestern

  • Homeros ( Homer ) born in Smyrna, modern Izmir of

  • Herodotos ( Herodotus ) father of history, born in
    Halicarnassos, modern Bodrum.

  • The Iliad/ The Odyssey Homer’ stories of Trojan 
    wars and afterwards

  • Turkish towel ( thick towel with nap of uncut pile,
    from Bursa near Istanbul)

  • Turkish coffee ( sweetened brew of pulverized
    coffee) introduced to Europe via Ottomans

  • Alexander the great ( led conquering campaigns
    throughout Anatolia)

  • Whirling dervishes , Islamic sect, a humanist order
    first to claim equality among all mankind, started in Konya, central

  • Angora / goat, angora the name of the goat,
    deriving from Ankara, the capitol city of Turkey

  • Gordion Knot, Alexander the great cut the knot in
    Gordion, central Anatolia, Phrygia

  • Mausoleum (Tomb of Mau solos in Bodrum), the temple
    of Artemis at Ephesos, 2 of the 7 wonders of the world.

  • Hero & Leander, myth about the Dardanelle’s

  • Parchment, the name deriving from ancient Pergamon,
    where this type of paging was invented, northwest Turkey

  • “ veni, vidi , vici “ ( Julius Caesar said this
    after Pontic victory near black sea)

  • Yogurt, the Turkish good

  • Baklava, Turkish dessert

  • Kismet ( Turkish word)

  • Tigris & Euphrates rivers, headwaters in Eastern

  • King Midas, King of Phrygia 8th cent BC

  • “rich as Croesus” King of Lydia, western Turkey

  • Lydians invented and mint the first money of the
    world , 7th cent BC

  • St. Paul ( born in Tarsus, in southern Turkey)

  • St. John, his tomb is at Ephesos

  • Virgin Mary, supposedly lived later life and died
    at Ephesos, locals saw her as the continuation of Artemis, the great
    goddess of the Ephesians

  • Orient Express, the train ran on Paris -Istanbul

  • Amazons, tribe of female warriors from the black
    sea part of Turkey who fought in Trojan wars against the Akha.

  • Herakles  (Hercules), one of his labors was to
    obtain girdle of Amazon queen in Anatolia.

  • Jason & Argonauts, traveled through Anatolia in
    search of Golden Fleece.

  • Crusaders, who wanted to win back Near East, had to
    fight against Ottomans

  • Young Turks, insurgents within organizations,
    usually political, from 1900’s political group that that forced
    Ottoman sultan to adopt democratic reforms)

  • Pastrami, from Turkish word pastirma, spiced dried

  • Florence nightingale, her hospital was at Uskudar
    during Crimean war

  • Aesop, 6th cent BC storyteller , born in Thrace

  • Aristotle Onasis, Turkish born Greek

  • Turkish Bath, steam bath followed by massage &

  • Turkish toilet ( a la turca ) , ceramic hole in
    floor, due to hygienic rules

  • Turkish delight, candy of jellylike cubes covered
    with powdered sugar.

  • Cherries, first grown at Giresun in Northern
    Turkey, in 1st cent AD

  • Ottoman, cushioned footstool

  • Tulips, first grown in Turkey, from Turkish word

  • Sherbet ( Turkish word)

  • Divan ( Turkish word)

  • Kiosk, from Turkish word for pavilion

  • Ephesians, Galatians & Hittites, Anatolian groups
    mentioned in the bible

  • Phrygian Cap, cap with forward curving peak, once
    identified with Phrygians & also known as the liberty cap.

  • Lydian Mode, Lydian scale, musical church mode
    represented on white keys of keyboard  instrument by an ascending
    scale of F to F, from Lydia.

  • Diogenes, philosopher born in Sinope on Black sea,
    and lived circa 320 BC

  • Tamerlane, invaded Anatolia in 1400 AD

  • Marco Polo, journeyed through Anatolia in 13th

  • One of the earliest places on earth where thin was
    mined for obtaining bronze

  • The first potter’s wheel was used in Troy

  • First chariots and horses were used in the military
    organization by Hittites

  • Kybele was the first great mother goddess

  • Roman  empire claimed their official roots to
    Trojan stocks

  • Hittites, Trojans, Lydians, Phrygians, Lycians,
    Ionians, Aeolians, Urartians, Pisidians, Carians, Pamphylians,
    Cilicians, Byzantines, Ottomans are some of the peoples and empires
    born and flourished in Anatolia.







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Last modified: 
February 25, 2014